January 24, 2006

To Comma, or not to Comma, that is the question.

Webster says a comma is a punctuation mark, used especially as a mark of separation within a sentence. Doesn’t that definition just clear it all up for you? If so, you’re lucky because it never did for me. Back to my Writer’s Bible, “The Elements of Style”.

Here’s the skinny; there are seven comma rules. We’ll take them out of order for simplicity.

1 – Dates are written as;

• Jan. 24, 2006.
• 24 Jan. 2006.
In the second example no comma is used.

2 – In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, the commas are placed as follows;

• I enjoy tennis, skiing, and books.
• Jason, Fred, and Esther went to the farm.

You can’t drop the last comma. I don’t know, maybe the Punctuation Police force you to repeat English 101 for eternity if you do.

The exception is if you’re writing a business name. The last comma is omitted.

• Jefferson, Clemmons, Blake and Company

3 – Use a comma before and/or after a proper name or place;

• “Hi, John.”
• “Hey, John, did you see the dog?”
• Munich, Germany

4 – A comma is inserted before a conjunction introducing an independent clause;

• She was in a situation which should have scared the hell out of her, but didn’t.
• In no time the airplane landed, and the passengers clapped with joy.

5 – Don’t use a comma to join independent clauses. If the clauses are grammatically complete and not joined by a conjunction, it’s the semicolon’s time to come out and play.

• It is nearly half past five; we cannot reach town before dark.

6 – Don’t break sentences in two. Meaning, don’t use periods when you should use a comma. “The Elements of Style” have the best examples;

• I met them on a Cunard liner many years ago. Coming home from Liverpool.
• She was an interesting talker. A woman who had traveled all over the world and lived in half a dozen countries.

The sentences don’t make sense as written. In both examples a comma should replace the first period.

If you want more dramatic effect in your sentence do the following;

• He yanked the cell phone from his pocket and punched in the number. The phone range. No one answered.

Don’t use the above example often in your story, it has a choppy effect and the editor won’t like it. Clipped sentences, as the above example, are more often used in dialogue.

7 – Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas. A parenthetic expression is a word, phrase, or sentence inserted in a passage to explain or modify the thought. Again from “The Elements of Style”;

• The best way to see the country, unless you are pressed for time, is to travel on foot.

In a nutshell here’s how it works for the author;

• The eight rules are standard and must be followed so you look like a professional writer.
• Beth Anderson taught me to listen to the flow of the words. Use the commas when you need the reader to pause and give them a little time to prepare for what’s next.
• Use common sense. As you apply the rules they will become second nature.

Next on our list is Setting the Chapter. I’ll be back on Friday to explain my technique.

Until then…

Happy writing!
Sloane

Sloane said @ 11:58 am | It's All About Writing

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  16 Responses to “To Comma, or not to Comma, that is the question.”



  1. Jenna Howard Says:

    Comma, comma, comma, commaleon. You comma and go. You comma and goooooo.

    I couldn’t resist. (I now have Culture Club in my head…sweet.)

    Ah the joys of a period with a tail. Ain’t it a bitch? So easy to overdose the manuscript with. A smattering of commas, fired from an uzi. Rat-a-tat. ‘Tis treacherous stuff. Treacherous I say!!

    I love Kate’s philosophy on commas “I put them whenever I need to take a breath in a sentence.” *Snort* Thank goodness she’s not asthmatic! Or, else, her, books, would, look, like, this, and, we’d, have, to, kill, her.


  2. Sloane Says:

    I love your way with words. Seriously, Kate’s right. You put a comma in romance writing, cause that’s all I know a little a bit about, whenever you need to take a breath.

    See how easy it is, Diva?


  3. Sherrill Quinn Says:

    Now I have Boy George flappin’ his mouth in my head. Thanks, Jenn.


  4. Jenna Howard Says:

    *smooch*


  5. Yasmine Says:

    I forgot, Strunk and White is available online. I really need to go through my favorites more often. Bartleby.com I don’t know how many times you can use the site, apparently forever.


  6. B Says:

    Mom, I’m getting bored reading all this stuff about writing. Could you write something else? Like, how great a daughter I am or something along those lines. Did I use my commas correctly?


  7. Sloane Says:

    Now you all know why her nickname is “B”.

    You always use your commas correctly, because you’re the little snot who taught ME how to use commas.

    Would you prefer to read another excerpt?

    I love you, Sweetie.


  8. Yasmine Says:

    Tell B, I’m blogging about raising a daughter, that ought to get her knickers in a twist. Ha!


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